文章摘要
北京艾蒿叶斑病菌的分子鉴定和室内毒力测定
Molecular Identification and Indoor Toxicity Test of Leaf Spot Pathogen of Artemisia Argyi in Beijing
投稿时间:2021-05-21  
DOI:
中文关键词: 艾蒿  叶斑病  rDNA-ITS  杀菌剂  毒力测定
英文关键词: Artemisia argyi  leaf spot  rDNA-ITS  fungicide  toxicity test
基金项目:北京市农业科技新星计划项目(PXM2020-157102-000063)
作者单位
王伟青 北京农业职业学院北京 102442 
董杰 北京市植物保护站北京 100029 
岳瑾 北京市植物保护站北京 100029 
杨新建 北京农业职业学院北京 102442 
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中文摘要:
      通过对引起艾蒿叶斑病的病原菌进行分离和分子鉴定,并采用菌丝生长速率法研究了5种杀菌剂对艾蒿叶斑病菌的抑制作用。结果表明,分离出的艾蒿叶斑病菌属链格孢属(Alternaria alternata)。室内毒力实验结果表明,抑菌率最高的药剂是50%氟吡菌酰胺·肟菌酯悬浮剂和25%戊唑醇药剂。病原菌的EC50值结果表明,艾蒿叶斑病菌对50%氟吡菌酰胺·肟菌酯和25%戊唑醇EC50值最小,分别是0.04 mg/mL和0.28 mg/mL,说明这两种药剂对艾蒿叶斑病菌的抑菌性最强,可以作为田间药效试验研究的备选农药参考。
英文摘要:
      In this paper, the pathogen causing leaf spot of Artemisia argyi was isolated and identified, and the inhibition of five fungicides on leaf spot of Artemisia argyi was studied by mycelial growth rate method. The results showed that the pathogen was Alternaria alternata. The results of indoor toxicity test showed that the fungicides with the highest bacteriostatic rate were 50% flupirimide · oxime ester suspension and 25% tebuconazole. The EC50 values of the pathogen showed that the EC50 values of 50% flupirimide· oxime ester and 25% tebuconazole were the lowest, which were 0.04 and 0.28 mg/ml respectively, indicating that the two fungicides have the strongest antibacterial activity against the pathogen, which can be used as an alternative reference for field efficacy trials.
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